Best types of floors for those with allergies or asthma
If you or your kids have allergies or asthma, selecting the best type of flooring can have a big impact on the air quality, as many allergens can collect and get trapped in the floors. Often, the flooring can be the biggest source of allergens.
As a general rule, carpeting is the worst choice for allergies while wood or cork flooring are the best selections. And, generally hard surfaces will be better options than carpet.
Reasons to avoid carpets if you have allergies
Allergy sufferers should avoid the deep pile of most carpets as these tend to hold allergens from dust mites, mold, pollen, pet dander, as well as dirt. Carpeting can also retain moisture, which encourages the growth of mold and mildew.
Some dispute the negative relationship of carpeting to allergies, but there is no doubt that it holds more dust, dirt and moisture than any other kind of flooring, making it an ideal environment for dust mites.
If you have carpet, or area rugs (or are required to have carpet), low pile (including looped carpets) are better options and so are natural fiber carpets such as wool or sisal. And, if you do have carpet, vacuum frequently. There are also hypoallergenic and low VOC carpet padding (such as felt or Shaw’s Triple Touch Carpet padding) which tend to be better for allergies or asthma. But, hardwood or cork (or other hard surfaces) are generally much better options.
Hardwood and Cork are the best flooring options for allergy sufferers
Hardwood flooring is an excellent choice for those with asthma or allergies since it’s easy to clean and maintain. It’s the preferred flooring surface for homes in Westchester County and the East Coast. Unlike carpet, hardwood doesn’t trap allergens nor does it provide an environment for them to grow.
By the way, you may also find this article helpful: The Top 5 hardwood cleaning products…and the one I recommend to my customers.
Cork floors are a wonderful alternative to hardwood. They are inherently mold and mildew resistant due to the antimicrobial presence of suberin. This naturally occurring substance inhibits the growth of mold, mildew, bacteria and other allergens. Cork also helps insulate heat, so they are warm on your feet and they are cozy on your feet. The hard surface makes it easy to clean with a dust mop (ideally a swiffer). Even though cork is porous, the finish prevents allergens from collecting and growing.
And, cork flooring does not require a plywood subfloor, so they provide a great alternative if you have a concrete subfloor in an apartment or lower level of you house. Most cork floors, though, are floating, so it’s important that your subfloor is level/even, otherwise you may need to smooth and/or level out the floors prior to installing cork. Cork is also an eco-friendly product. You can read more about cork here – Cork flooring – how is it made and why is it considered green?
Tile and Linoleum are also suitable surfaces for those with allergies
While hardwood and cork are generally the best options for those with asthma and allergies, stone or tile flooring, as well as linoleum are also great options. The tile and linoleum are better options for wet and moist areas such as bathrooms and mudrooms.
Porcelain and Ceramic Tile
Stone, porcelain and ceramic tiles are also great choices for allergy-free flooring, but the more rough the stone surface, the more dirt they will hold.
Not all tile flooring is allergy friendly. As a general rule, smooth stone will be much less likely to harbor allergens than a tile that is porous or has rough edges or is highly textured.. Polished marble and granite are excellent choices (for those with allergies), but natural-looking stone with a textured finishes and uneven surfaces can provide pockets for mold and other allergens to collect and develop.
With natural stone, it’s important to seal it to prevent mold and bacteria from growing) and for all types of tile (natural stone, porcelain and ceramic), it’s important to seal the grout, and reseal it, ideally every 1-2 years.
Linoleum is also a natural product that also is a good option for those with allergies or asthma. It’s easy to clean and holds up well to water. Unlike vinyl, which is petroleum based, linoleum is made with linseed oil and it’s eco-friendly. You can read more about it here – What’s the difference between linoleum and vinyl?
Laminate and vinyl are alternative flooring options for those with asthma or allergies
Laminate and vinyl are alternative synthetic options. As they are synthetic products (vs. hardwood or cork which are natural), they may tend to cause other issues, especially with cheaper options. If you opt for a laminate or vinyl product, try to select an option that has low VOC’s (Volatile Organic Compounds) and be cognizant of the adhesive used.
Laminate flooring may or may not be a good choice for those with allergies – it can depend on the manufacturer and the grade of product. Laminate uses recycled hardwood and the product is manufactured by gluing together layers of wood composite. The adhesives used in the process may contain formaldehyde as well as other dangerous VOCs, and these can trigger other allergies – sometimes immediately, and other times over time. Always check the product to see the formaldehyde rating (E1 or E0 are the best choices). Nonetheless, laminate provides a hard surface that is easy to clean and like hardwood, it doesn’t harbor dust or dander.
Similar to cork flooring, some high-end vinyl floors (often called luxury vinyl) can offer the advantages of a hard surface – easy to clean, no pockets for moisture – and many have an antibacterial agent built into them. However, especially when it comes to vinyl, you “get what you pay for,” and lower end vinyl flooring is often manufactured with VOC’s which create emissions and hence an allergen risk or other breathing challenges.
This doesn’t mean that vinyl, (or laminates) should be avoided at all costs. On the contrary, these are durable, cost-effective products that tend to be far better for allergies than carpet; it’s just important that you research the products and select higher end options rather than cheaper alternatives.
Additional information for allergy or asthma sufferers
For more advice on remodeling for those with allergies or asthma, check out this site: asthma and allergy foundation of america.
Summary of best flooring options for those with allergies or asthma
- Cork flooring
Next best options:
- Tile flooring (stone, porcelain, ceramic
- Linoleum flooring
Other suitable options but be wary of quality
- Laminate flooring
- Vinyl flooring (luxury vinyl is better than sheet vinyl or VCT)
Regardless of which flooring surface you use, it’s important to keep the floors clean. Even solid hardwood (which is often the best choice), can result in sneezes (as well as scratches) if you don’t keep it clean. Thankfully, dust that has settled on hardwood is far easier to wipe away (or swiffer away) than dirt that has settled into the carpet (here are some cleaning products we recommend). It’s also wise to stay away
from lower end products as those tend to have more chemicals and fumes. There are so many flooring options available, so don’t feel limited just because you have allergies or asthma.
Do you need a local flooring contractor? Find one here.
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